Pope Anacletus also known as Cletus, was bishop of Rome, following Peter and Linus. He served as pope between 79 and his death, around the year 92. Cletus was a Roman who, ordained a number of priests. He is believed to have set up about 25 parishes in Rome. He is mentioned in the Roman Canon of the mass;
Cletus was traditionally understood to have been a Roman who served as pope for twelve years. For the first two centuries, the dates of the start and the end of the popes are uncertain. According to tradition, Pope Cletus divided Rome into twenty-five parishes. One of the few surviving records concerning his papacy mentions him as having ordained a number of priests.
Cletus was buried next to his predecessor, Linus, near the grave of Peter, in what is now Vatican City. His feast day is April 26.
Pope Saint Cletus was the third pope after Peter and Linus. The “Liber Pontificalis” says that his father was Emelianus and that Cletus was a Roman by birth, and belonged to the quarter known as the Vicus Patrici. Early Church writers often use more than one name for him. Sometimes he’s called Cletus. Other times he’s called Anacletus, or Anencletus. Pope Saint Cletus ordained several priests while he was pope. He is credited with setting up about twenty-five parishes in Rome. He was the pope for twelve years from 76 to 89. He is mentioned in the Roman Canon of the Mass.
Right around the beginning of St. Cletus’ papacy, the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were destroyed and buried after the eruption of Moun Vesuvius. He was martyred in the persecutions of Domitian. He was buried near St. Linus in the Vatican and his relics are still there.
Pope Vitalian is believed to have been born September 27, 580, near Rome, little else is known of his early life. He was consecrated as pope on July 30, 657. He did several things in his fifteen years as pope. Vitalian tried to restore the connection with Eastern Church at Constantinople by sending a friendly letter to Emperor Constans II. The emperor agreed Vaitalia was the Holy See and head of the Church in the West. He sent to Rome a book of the Gospels in a cover of gold richly ornamented with precious stones as a gift. Vitalian returned the kindness toward Constans when he came to Rome in 663 to spend twelve days there.
He was able to bring disagreeing parties together over the date of Easter with the Catholic Church in England. He appointed a new archbishop of Canterbury, Theodore of Tarsus. Vitalian was a fair judge, too. Bishop John of Lappa, Greece, was illegally dismissed by his archbishop. John appealed to Pope Vitalian. John was thrown into jail for asking the pope to intervene. Pope Vitalian asked a group of clergy to hear the case. They found John innocent. Pope Vitalian wrote the archbishop commanding him to reinstate John, and quit dismissing good bishops.
Vitalian died on January 27, 672. The introduction of church organ music is traditionally believed to date from the time of Vitalian’s papacy
Pope Marcellus I was born January 6, 255, was the was the bishop of Rome from May or June 308 until his death. He succeeded Marcellinus, after a period of time. Under the Roman emperor, Maxentius, he was banished from Rome in 309. This was came from the discontent of Christians from the severity of the penances he had imposed on Christians who hadn’t kept the faith under other recent persecutions. He was followed by Pope Eusebius
For a time after the death of Marcellinus in 304, the Diocletian continued his persecution continued nonstop with incredibly cruelty. After Diocletian abdicated in 305, Maxentius became Caesar. Christians enjoyed comparative peace. It still took another two years before a new bishop of Rome was elected. In 308, Marcellus first entered on his office Marcellus found the church in great confusion. The meeting-places and some of the cemeteries had been confiscated. Ordinary life and activity of the church was interrupted. Many weaker members who had fallen away during the persecution. Those that stayed demanded the weak should have to do heavy penance to be readmitted to communion.
Marcellus divided the church territory into twenty-five districts with a priest, who prepared the catechumens for baptism and directed the performance of public penances. The priest was responsible for the burial of the dead and for the celebrations of the martyrs. The pope also had a new burial place laid out.
At the beginning of the 600s, there were twenty-five churches in Rome.
This work of the pope was interrupted by the disagreements about readmitting people. Marcellus was called wicked by those who had lapsed because he believe they should perform penance for their guilt. Serious conflicts ensued. Some ended in bloodshed. The leader of the dissenters was an apostate who had denied the Faith even before the outbreak of persecution. The tyrannical Maxentius had the pope seized and sent into exile at the end of 308 Marcellus died shortly after leaving Rome, and was venerated as a saint.Since 1969 his feast day was January 16, on local calendars, and is no longer on the General Roman Calendar.